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Sarnath, archaeological site north of Varanasi, eastern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. According to tradition, it was there that the Buddha first began teaching his followers. The site contains a stupa (shrine) and the famous lion-capital memorial pillar, which was erected by the 3rd-century-bce Mauryan emperor Ashoka and is now the state emblem of India.
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South Asian arts: Gupta period: SarnathThis famous centre of Indian art developed a sweeter and more elegant version of the Buddha image than Mathura’s. Instead of the rather strict frontal posture, the weight of the body is thrown more on one leg, resulting in a very subtle contrapposto position,…
India: Society and culture…was the Buddhist sculpture at Sarnath, in Uttar Pradesh. It is possible that the proliferation of Buddhist images led to the depiction of Hindu deities in iconic form.…
South Asian arts: Mauryan period (c. 3rd century bce)…is the lion capital at Sarnath, consisting of the front half of four identical animals joined back to back. There is a naturalistic emphasis on build and musculature, and the modelling is hard, vigorous, and energetic, stressing physical strength and power. Very similar, if not at the same level of…