Shulḥan ʿarukh, (Hebrew: “Prepared Table”), a 16th-century codification of Jewish religious law and practice that is still the standard reference work for Orthodox observance. The Shulḥan ʿarukh, compiled and published by Joseph ben Ephraim Karo (1488–1575) as a compendium of his larger work Bet Yosef (“House of Joseph”), contains opinions of various other codifiers before his time as well as personal decisions on disputed points by Karo himself.
Moses Isserles (c. 1525–72; see Isserles, Moses ben Israel) was one of many Ashkenazi (German-rite) rabbis who severely criticized the Shulḥan ʿarukh for its overemphasis on the customs of Sephardic (Spanish-rite) Jews. Accordingly, Isserles wrote a commentary (called Mappa, “Tablecloth”) on the Shulḥan ʿarukh that was subsequently printed with Karo’s work so that both rites would be represented. Thereafter, the Shulḥan ʿarukh became a universally accepted guide for Orthodox observance. A condensation of Karo’s work, written for laypersons by Solomon Ganzfried (1804–66) and called Qitzur (“Abbreviated”) Shulḥan ʿarukh, gained wide popularity and has been translated into several languages.
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Moses ben Israel Isserles
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Shulḥan ʿarukh(“The Prepared Table”) by Joseph Karo (16th century), the last of the great codifiers, is structured after the Sefer ha-ṭurim,but presents the Sefardic (Middle Eastern and North African) rather than the Ashkenazic (Franco-German and eastern European) tradition, with decisions largely following those…
Joseph ben Ephraim KaroIts condensation, the
Shulḥan ʿarukh(“The Prepared Table,” or “The Well-Laid Table”), is still authoritative for Orthodox Jewry.…
Solomon ben Abraham Adret…Jewish law, such as the
Shulḥan ʿarukh(“The Well-Laid Table”) of the codifier Joseph Karo (1488–1575). Adret’s many other writings include commentaries on the Talmud and polemics defending it against attacks by non-Jews.…
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